Email lhanaa at hotmail dot com to purchase books listed below.
Author: B. Nyamaa
This book explores some very important issues on the coins of Mongol Empire of XIII through XIX centuries.
A great deal of emphasis is placed on studying hand seals and the Clan seals of Genghis, Ugudei, Guyug, Munghe Ariqbuqa Khans as well as their 70 descendant Khans and their Clans. For the first time in Mongolian history (and anywhere else) this book provides an extremely important link between the Great Mongol Khans and the corresponding coins that were minted during their rein based on the hand and clan seals these Khans used.
There are also some interesting materials on different related topics. For example, the author explains scripts on the coins, the actual designs of the hand seals, their special engravings and much more.
The book is filled with fine photo images of the coins. Persian miniatures of XIII-XVI centuries also used in the book add a material rich touch to it.
The second part of the book includes images from the author’s personal collection of the coins of Great Khans. 233 color images along with their narrative descriptions and translations are displayed here.
This book was published in Mongolia in June 2005 on A4 paper with 260 pages in both Mongolian and English languages. It was published with two different covers: soft and hard. The hard cover has a color wrap around it.
The topics covered in this book have attracted a lot of Mongolian researchers and historians. This is definitely a dark area in Mongolian history worth exploring.
* 260 pages in Mongolian and English.
’’Монголын Эзэнт Улсын зоосон мөнгө ба хаадын овгийн Тамга” номын тухай.
Энэ номонд ХШ-ХIV зууны Монголын Эзэнт Улсын зоосон мөнгөний тухай чухал асуудлыг судлажээ. Ялангуяа Монголын хаадын зоосон мөнгө ба тэдний мутрын тийз дээрхи овгийн тамгуудыг судалснаар Чингис Хаан, Өгөөдэй, Гүюүг, Мөнх,Аригбөх зэрэг их хаад болон тэднийг залгамжилсан 70 орчим хаадын 100 гаруй овгийн тамгыг анх удаа сонирхолтой баримтаар олж тогтоосон байна.
Мөн энэ номонд монголын эртний зоосон дээрхи монгол бичгийн тухай, хаадын захидал, мутрийн тийзний тухай, зоосны чимэглэл, дүрс зургуудын тухай сонирхолтой материалууд орсон байна. Уг номонд олон фото зураг орсон бөгөөд ялангуяа ХШ-ХVI зууны Персийн миниатюр зургуудыг өргөн ашигласан болно.
Номын 2-р хэсэгт зохиогчийн хувийн цуглуулгаас авсан Монголын эзэнт Улсын 233 зоосны томруулсан өнгөт зургийг тайлбар орчуулгын хамт оруулжээ.
Энэ номыг 2005 оны 6 сард А 4 хэмжээний цаасан дээр 260 хуудастайгаар англи, монгол хэл дээр Монголд хэвлэсэн ба хатуу, зөөлөн 2 янзын хавтастай, хатуу хавтасны гадуур өнгөт хавтсаар давхар бүрсэн.
Энэ номонд орсон олон асуудлууд, ялангуяа Монголын хаадын овгийн тамганы тухай асуудал Монголын түүхч, судлаачдын анхаарлыг ихэд татаж байгаа билээ.
* 260 хуудастай, англи монгол хэл дээр хэвлэгдсэн
The Coins of Mongol Empire and Clan Tamgha of Khans (XIII-XIV), by Nyamaa Badarch. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. 256 pp, A4 format, lavishly illustrated throughout, mostly with color photos. Available from the author, Nyamaa Badarch.
This is a beautifully produced book that should be in the library of anyone interested in the history and coins of the Mongol dynasties. The author was born in Mongolia and graduated as a historian-translator from the Institute of Asia and Africa of the University of Moscow. In recent years he has devoted himself to the collection and study of Mongol coins. His new book is a welcome result of his interest.
The first part of the book is an extensive and detailed analysis of the tamghas, symbols of individual clans and tribes, found on Mongol coins. As the author explains in his introduction, when a clan would split from another clan, the new clan would adopt a new tamgha formed by adding to or otherwise modifying the tamgha of the parent clan. This sets up the premise of his analysis that the evolving tamghas found on coins of the Chingizids, Golden Horde (Jujids), Golden Horde (Hulaguids), Chaghatayids and the Yuan Dynasty reflect the political and familial relationships of the issuers of the coins.
The analysis of the tamghas on coins is accompanied not only by line drawings and photographs of the coins on which the tamghas are found, but also by archaeological sites, artifacts, and contemporary artwork and documents with personal seals of the Mongol khans. There are also numerous diagrams showing the relationships among different tamghas and a final summary table showing how tamghas changed over time from the parent tamgha through the various divisions of the Chinghizids into separate dynasties and as modified by individual rulers.
The second part of the book attempts to be a comprehensive discussion of all known coins with Mongol inscriptions in Uighur or Phags-pa script. Each coin is photographed, and the Mongol inscriptions are written out, analyzed and translated. The author compares his translations to those of other scholars and explains his preferences based on Mongol history and religion. It is also pointed out that many of the Mongol legends are also found on official state seals of Mongol khans.
The section on Mongol script also continues to identify tamghas on coins. Both the tamgha and Mongol script sections of the book contain relevant historical notes.
The final part of the book is a catalogue of the Mongol coins in the author’s private collection. It contains 233 coins carefully selected by the author for their variety and quality. The catalogue is organized with two coins per page, each with an enlarged clear photograph, a smaller line drawing, metric information (diameter and weight) and a translation of the legends. While not a comprehensive collection, it contains some very rare coins that have not been published elsewhere, as well as well-struck and well-preserved examples of more common types. It is clearly a collection assembled by someone with a good eye for quality.
In short, the book is both important to numismatics and a delight to look at. Perhaps the highest compliment I can pay to the author is that his work clearly shows his love and appreciation for the history and coins of his homeland. He chose not only to provide his analyses of the material, but also to present the material in a manner that transcends the narrow subject matter. This is a book that I can unhesitatingly recommend to anyone interested in coins or Asian history.
James A. Farr
You are holding a book that is a first of its kind in the world not to mention Mongolia. The value and importance of the book is enormous as it tries to cover retrospectively a whole set of questions on Mongolian numismatics starting with the tamga on the coins up to the detailed analysis of each coin itself.
One of the real highlights of this book is an extensive research done on the tamga of the coins. A coin is not just a mere tender for exchange; it is a valuable source of history. That is why the tamga on these coins carry a legal presentation of the times through which they were valid. According to the researches done previously by several numismatists including myself there is a number of interesting questions. Why were there different tamga on the coins from different regions ruled by one Khan? What tamga belongs to whom? And most importantly, why is the status of the tamga changes when it is minted on the coins as opposed to any other objects like ceramic ware or metal objects of that historic time? To understand all of this researchers including the author himself have to really dig in to the very minor detail of every evidence that comes into the light. The research is far from being finished, this is just a beginning. A lot of questions are still waiting to be answered. There are more pleasant and surprising discoveries ahead.
I hope that after reading this book some of you will be inspired and motivated by this subject. Maybe you’ll want to know more about the questions you’ll come up to reading it, and hence, join those who are fascinated with the Mongolian numismatics of the Great Khans era.
Pavel N. Petrov
Our knowledge of Chengiz Khan and his descendants is derived mostly from Islamic sources, such as Tarikh-i-Jahan Gusha or Tarikh-i-Rashidi. Those sources are silent on various topics and seals and tamghas of the Khans is one such topic. Fresh material emerges from time to time in the shape of newer varieties of coins which provide insight into more areas of the Mongol period, e.g. till recently no Gold coins of Chengiz Khan were known but now several of the Gold Dinars have been discovered that name Chengiz Khan as the issuing authority. But there still are enigmatic coins with unattributed seals/tamghas from Mongol period, particularly the era following the death of Chengiz Khan. Numismatic collectors and scholars have different views on some Tamghas and seals of the Great Khan and his descendants.
Now a Mongol, probably the first one from Mongolia, has taken up the tedious task of determining positive attribution for enigmatic and unidentified types of Seals and Tamghas. Nyamaa Badarch has put in a lot of effort in compiling a research focused on the Tamghas and Seals of the Great Khan and his posterity and corroborated this research by numismatic evidence. It has been a privilege for me to have witnessed his efforts in this context and to have provided whatever material and support I could from Pakistan to enable Nyamaa Badarch to compile this work.
Authors: Ch.Enkhbat, B.Nyamaa and Ts.Batsaikhan.
This book was first published in 2002 and re-published without any editorial changes in 2005. It covers all coins and banknotes of Mongolia from ancient times up to the modern era of 2002. The book is filled with full-size color photo images and descriptions for 68 ancient coins, 38 circulation coins, 152 commemorative coins and 75 banknotes totalling up to 333 items altogether. This is the first complete catalog ever published in Mongolia.
This book is printed on A4 format high quality thick (120g) paper. There are 160 pages.
’’ Монголын зоосон ба цаасан мөнгө’’
Зохиогчид Ч. Энхбат, Б.Нямаа,Ц.Батсайхан.
Энэ номын анхны хэвлэл 2002 онд гарсан бөгөөд 2005 онд дахин хэвлэгдсэн болно.
Эртний үеээс эхлэн өнөөг хүртэлх бүх үеийн Монгол улсын зоосон ба цаасан
мөнгөний тухай багтаасан. Үүнд 68 ширхэг Эртний Монгол зоос, 38 төрлийн гүйлгээний зоос, 152 ширхэг
“Currencies of two Mongolian governments 1921”
The book, which was published in 2007, includes information taken from the National Archives of Mongolia about some of the country's most rare banknotes.
You can see pictures of the banknotes numbered as A1, A2, A3, and A4 in the Krause catalog in full color and high quality. In addition, the banknotes numbered as P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, and P6 are also included. The book is 132 pages long with a hardcover and a cover slip. It is published in Mongolian and English.
The Coins of Chinggis Khan. Mongolia. 2006.
*Author: Nyamaa BADARCH
This is an 18-page catalog of the coins of Chinggis Khan with a set of pictures and descriptions for each coin..
The book contains English and Mongolian descriptions, the latter of which is rendered in both Cyrillic and old Mongolian writings.
“ЧИНГИС ХААНЫ ЗООСОН МӨНГӨ” УЛААНБААТАР. 2006.
Зохиогч Бадарчийн Нямаа
Цаасны хэмжээ: 27,5см х 17,5см (A4 хэмжээнээс үл ялиг багавтар)